this is bbc news. i'm clive myrie. the headlines at 11. on the england a crucial vote, theresa may warns of a high price to be paid if mps do not support her. now myjudgement is that a paralysis is likely if there is no brexit. now myjudgement is that a paralysis is likely if there is no brexitm is likely if there is no brexitm is clear that if the prime minister 's deal is rejected tomorrow it is time for a general election. time for a new government. in other news, wood burning stoves, open fires and farms all face new restrictions, as the government outlines plans to tackle air pollution in england. president trump has denied working for russia, describing the suggestion as a big fat hoax. the jailed british—iranian woman, nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, injail in tehran, has begun a hunger strike in protest at being denied specialist medical care. and at 11.30 we'll be taking an in—depth look at the papers with our reviewers,
dia chakravarty, brexit editor, at the telegraph, and the broadcaster and political commentator, steve richards. the prime minister, in two separate appeals today, urged mps to back her deal or risk brexit not happening at all. she warned of ‘paralysis in parliament‘ if the deal was rejected and said trust in politics would suffer ‘catastrophic harm‘ if the uk did not leave the eu. and mrs may urged critics to give her deal ‘a second look‘, insisting that new assurances on the future of the irish border had ‘legal force‘. labour and the other opposition parties have all pledged to vote against the deal, along with dozens of conservative mps and the democratic unionist party of northern ireland. this report is by our political
editor laura kuenssberg. many photo opportunities. many polite conversations. many more than the number of minds she‘s changed for some weeks now. tomorrow parliament will give its verdict on the prime minister‘s brexit compromise. this is what a last—ditch plea sounds like. i think the british people are ready for us to move on, to move on beyond division and come together. that is the chance mps of all parties will have tomorrow night and for our country‘s sake i urge them to take it. thank you. you say this is a good deal but you know the majority of your colleagues simply disagree with you. at this late stage do you think you have a chance of changing their minds? i have seen mps when i‘ve spoken to them who are, who recognise the importance of the decision that is being taken and saying they will support the deal where perhaps in the past they had some doubts about it. you've given away so many things...
even on a soggy monday morning there is heat in the arguments outside. you just give them 125 million eu, clown. i am really annoyed and i had to come down today. i had to come down, it's disgusting, listening to them. she should do it off her own back. we voted to leave, we leave. end of. if we leave without a deal, or her deal, we are going to be in dire straits. whatever deal goes through will continue this war between brexit and no brexit. this might not feel like a grand occasion but these are some of the most important hours in theresa may‘s career. it‘s no surprise she‘s come to leave—supporting stoke and she is speeding back to parliament where her real problem lies. most backbench brexiteers have real fears about the deal, worrying we‘ll be stuck in a close bind with the eu. but despite months of rows, some might still be prepared. as i told the prime minister
when she called yesterday and as i‘ve told every constituent, i will listen to the debate very carefully. indeed i intend to participate in it this afternoon and tomorrow evening, when it‘s over, i will make my decision. see you soon, cheerio. but eurosceptics are not making friends by compromise, dozens of them including former cabinet ministers like him are dead set against theresa may‘s agreement. you have to balance the undoubted but manageable short—term risk with our what i think would be devastating economic and this is not for six months or a year, this is for our children. a smaller gang of theresa may‘s own mps believe the way out might be another referendum. if there is no majority and parliament is as deadlocked as we think it is then we might make sense, that although we don‘t want it,
that we consider going back to the people with a new referendum. and there were not many fans for her new promises. booing. a letter from the eu which vows to do everything possible to avoid the so—called backstop, the arrangement to avoid a hard border in ireland. the eu will not want this backstop to come into force on the exchange of letters today makes clear that if it did they would do all they could to bring it to an end as quickly as possible. so i say to members on all sides of this house, whatever you may have previously concluded, over these next 2a hours give this deal a second look. today's letter is nothing more than a repetition of exactly the same position that was pulled more than one month ago. it categorically does not give the legal issue and sees this house was promised and contains nothing but warm words and aspirations. there are needed to be legally binding changes to the withdrawal agreement in order for it to have
any chance of getting through this house. for the prime minister this is a compromise, keeping close ties with the eu after brexit to preserve the economy, taking charge here of issues like immigration. but with only 2a hours to go this place is a frenzy. the trouble is, none of the rival groups agree. yet if, are likely when the deal goes down tomorrow night, it will still be for the prime minister to make the next move. laura kuenssberg, bbc news. the government suffered a heavy defeat over its brexit deal in the lords. peers backed by 321— 152 and a majority of 169. warning that the deal would damage the uk economic prosperity and global influence. after a marathon three day debate...
—— after a marathon three—day debate, the approved motion also urged mps to "emphatically reject" a no—deal brexit. as we heard, the prime minister warned of ‘paralysis in parliament‘ if her deal is rejected tomorrow night. but there seems little doubt at this stage that the deal will be turned down, the only question is by how much and what that margin of defeat could affect. our deputy political editor john pienaar looks at implications of tomorrow‘s vote. theresa may has been fighting against heavy odds and she still is to get her brexit deal approved. it‘s not all facing huge resistance, plans for citizens‘ rights, so europeans here can stay, are broadly in place. but even that is not settled on both sides. an end to free movement is a big part of the plan although the policy on who will be allowed into britain is still a work in progress. but the latest letters from brussels won‘t change the fact that mrs may is staring at defeat for her plan. the real problem is in the fine print. it allows a transition period, no great change, until the end of 2020, and a year more if wanted, until there is a full—fledged trade deal with the eu.
if there is no deal in time there is the so—called backstop plan, to avoid the checks and searches no one wants on the eu‘s irish border. it means the uk staying under eu‘s customs rules. northern ireland closer still. it will be temporary, as brussels says, until there is a trade deal, but how long is that? some believe years and that is a big problem in the commons. mrs may needs a majority to win here. 320 mps or more, and she looks well short. why? there is only 317 tory mps, and the party is split. the tory brexiteers want clear of eu rules quickly, even if that means no deal. some want a hard expiry date on the backstop, other pro—european tories say "why leave the eu just to follow its rules with no say in writing them?" and of course, the dup who prop up her government fear different treatment for northern ireland will weaken the union. as for labour they are split too on brexit but nearly all want to defeat mrs may‘s or her deal or both.
if she wins, triumph, and on to brexit day on march 29. if she loses, and that‘s the betting, there will be a number of votes and the bigger the defeat the weaker her position, the decisive battle of brexit begins in earnest. in the commons and behind—the—scenes. while theresa may prepares to try again, labour will pick its moment for a vote of no confidence in the government they know they are most unlikely to win. the plotting will be about who takes control of brexit. most mps would oppose no deal. several ministers would resign and now there is an alliance of mps hoping to seize control after any defeat from mrs may. roll out a new deal brexit and mobilise a majority across the main parties behind a new plan backed by law. their aim and the aim of many other mps, maybe delay brexit until there is a fresh plan. maybe a softer brexit deal, closer to the eu, similar to norway‘s. or maybe a new referendum. it could end in no brexit at all.
talking up the chances of a no brexit might help to get brexiteer rebels on side, that‘s mrs may‘s hope. but the danger to mrs may, mps might succeed in seizing control. her best hope of scaring rebels into line could become her worst nightmare. how does it all end? that is anyone‘s guess. the next big scene in this drama will be played out in westminster tomorrow. john pienaar there. as we heard, mrs may has received a joint letter from european council president donald tusk and european commission president jean—claude juncker offering their support for theresa may‘s brexit agreement. in it they said they were ‘not in a position to agree to anything that changes or is inconsistent with the withdrawal agreement‘. but on the crucial question of the northern ireland border, they assured the prime minister that the eu ‘does not wish to see the backstop enter into force‘. our europe editor katya adler is in brussels. she explained that the text from the eu did not go as far as being legally binding. the eu says assurances in this
letter carry legal weight but this is, in essence, the eu was attempting to highlight details of the brexit deal they believe theresa may has failed to sell. such as the irish border guarantee, it is not attracted so many of the uk think, is that letter, and it is not inevitable. and yes we have heard these reassurances before, that is nothing new. but on the eve of the vote, this is the eu attempting, in co—ordination with theresa may, to focus the minds of mps and keep up the pressure. the underlying message is that the deal is better than you think and if you sign of can move on to the real prize, talking about the future eu, uk posts brexit trade deal. by the way, this is the only
divorced your on offer from brussels so divorced your on offer from brussels so take or leave it. that europe will be watching the vote closely to see of the vote passes or if it does not, by how much. only then will the internal eu discussion begin about what next. up until now, the 27 eu leaders have never sat down to discuss a possible plan b. may never admitted openly to each other that it is possible. they will now look for mpeg to start uniting around one alternative to theresa may‘s plan, 01’ one alternative to theresa may‘s plan, or one particular change, and then you may see a significant move from brussels. inevitabilities, the flexibility will be limited. let‘s speak to our political correspondent iain watson at westminster. how would you sum up how members of the government and theresa may in particular, feel on the eve of this vote ? particular, feel on the eve of this vote? they are feeling extremely
bereaved before the vote. she has a full day tomorrow first cabinet and then a lunchtime debate and a vote at seven in the evening. a long evening because there will be a range amendments to her deal that being debated. she will have an expectation of victory. she had a meeting with mps behind closed doors and although they demonstrated hooks by they saw no reason to change minds sceptical to the deal. tomorrow there will be an attempt to put down some things that will attract more support, for example putting unilaterally a date for the expiry of the northern irish backstop, an arrangement for avoiding a hardboard it. is not yet been negotiated with the eu but if it were passed she could return to brussels and say if you give us this perhaps we can get the deal over the line. it looks as though, however, that given the amount diskette this is from backbenchers at this stage,
none of that will be enough to get the deal through tomorrow. unicenter thing she and her colleagues are into damage limitation, trying to reduce the size of the defeat is likely to face and i think she will be, frankly, although there is no discussion whatsoever on any kind of plan b, she will need to think about that and she will need to think about how to react to defeat in the commons tomorrow evening and what she says afterwards. returning to the defeat that the government experienced in the lord‘s tonight on the eve of this vote in the commons, the eve of this vote in the commons, the opposition warning that the uk economic prosperity could be damaged. getting this will feed into the sort of any mps? —— into the minds ofany the sort of any mps? —— into the minds of any mps? there is a majority of hundred and
69 for the opposition motion which said it was against withdrawing from the eu on the basis of her withdrawal deal and a political declaration. and urging mps to reject an ideal option, leaving the eu without a deal. they are tried to influence the debate. but i think to be honest people have made up their minds. 0k, we will leave it there. thank you. the headlines on bbc news: on the eve of the crucial vote on her brexit deal, theresa may warns of a high price to be paid if mps don‘t get behind it. wood burning stoves, open fires and farms all face new restrictions, as the government outlines plans to tackle air pollution in england. president trump has denied working for russia, describing the suggestion as a big fat hoax. the use of fertilisers on farms, wood burning stoves and open fires all face new restrictions, under government plans
to tackle air pollution. the clean air strategy for england aims to reduce problems caused by particulates, tiny particles which can penetrate deep into the lungs, by 2030. but environmental campaigners say the proposals don‘t go far enough. here‘s our science editor david shukman. his report contains some flashing images. blow! squeeze, squeeze, squeeze, squeeze, squeeze, squeeze. . . research into the effect of air pollution. in a major study, 3,000 children in london and luton are having their lungs tested. it‘s known that the growth of children‘s lungs can be stunted by dirty air. what do you know about air pollution? it‘s a really bad for your lungs. children are especially vulnerable because they‘re growing very rapidly and it seems clear that the pollution particularly affects the development of organs, whether it‘s the brain or the lungs, for example. ella kissi—debrah suffered from asthma. her family say air pollution
contributed to her death six years ago and they‘ve won permission to apply for a new inquest. standing in all this traffic with the smell and taste of pollution, it‘s hard to believe that britain‘s air has actually got cleaner in recent decades. but at the same time, scientists have found out more and more about the damage that dirty air can do to us, which is why ministers are under pressure to take action. fertiliser causes pollution. it gives off the gas ammonia, which creates tiny particles that are dangerous to breathe in. the government says there will be new rules to control this and it will help farmers buy new machines that are less polluting. there will also be tighter controls on what‘s burned in stoves. amazingly, each one creates more pollution than a diesel truck. the worst thing is using logs that are wet. i totally understand the need to restrain, or try to protect the environment,
so we try and use, obviously, logs that are seasoned but i wouldn‘t be happy if i wasn‘t able to use it. hardest of all is cutting pollution from traffic. the government has told councils to come up with plans but some of them say they are not getting enough money. it‘s very frustrating for us. despite the fact that all the work we have done is based on our best assessment of what we need to support it the government aren‘t actually coming forward with the funding that we think is needed. let's check this one fits you properly... back at the school‘s project, the children are fitted with monitors to track the air they‘re exposed to. the state of their lungs will show how well or badly the government is fighting pollution. david shukman, bbc news. president trump has denied a report that he had worked for russia, describing it as a "big fat hoax". it came as the washington post newspaper reported that the president confiscated notes from his interpreter after a meeting
with vladimir putin in 2017, and told them not to talk about what was said. i never worked for russia and you know that answer better than anyone. i never worked for russia. not only did i never work for russia, i think it‘s a disgrace that you even ask that question, because it‘s a whole big fat hoax. it‘s just a hoax. our north america correspondent peter bowes is in washington. on the face of it, this looks decidedly weird. how is the white house selling the idea that the president told an interpreter not to reveal details of his conversation with america‘s biggest adversary, the russians? it is all quite astonishing that this allegation should be made. this report coming out of the new york times that the american president could be some
sort of agent of behalf of russia. and washington post talking, as you refer to it, the interpreter being asked to hand over his notes at a sideline meeting at the macro —— g20 meeting. trump describing it as a routine meeting. they talked about israel he says. as to the precise nature of the allegation, that the president asked the interpreter to hand over the notes, well, that hasn‘t been addressed in detail. the whole scenario as you imply, a lot of people incredulous that such an allegation could be made against a us president. sure. the api was so spooked by the firing of james comey, and the president himself said it was over this russia thing, that meant that the fbi felt compelled to look into whether or not the president was actually a russian plant. that has caused a lot
of ructions on the right in america. yes, it has. a lot of people don‘t quite know what to make of this allegation, or indeed, a specially on the republican side, or indeed how to deal with it. and it is based on, it seems, issues like the fact that the president has never really publicly criticised president putin for anything. in fact, publicly criticised president putin foranything. infact, he publicly criticised president putin for anything. in fact, he has praised him for being a strong leader. whereas other leaders, world leaders, including theresa may, angela merkel from germany, he has criticised them on certain issues, and they are close allies of the united states. there seems to be some anecdotal evidence that perhaps the president is more friendly with russia that he should be. it has to be said that the new york times hasn‘t come out with any hard evidence against president trump in terms of backing up these claims, and we don‘t even know whether that investigation was launched by the
fbi and then transferred to the mueller investigation, whether it is ongoing, whether it was looked at and then set aside while the wider mueller investigation continued. sure, thank you, peter. the former police commander, david duckenfield, who was in charge of the operation during the hillsborough disaster in 1989, has appeared at preston crown court for the start of his criminal trial. the 74—year—old is accused of the gross negligence manslaughter of 95 liverpool fans who were killed in a crush inside the stadium. he denies the charges. a 96th victim died four years later, and cannot be included in the prosecution. police have arrested 55 men in connection with historical child sex abuse cases in west yorkshire between 2002 and 2009. the arrests took place in recent months and include men from batley, dewsbury, and bradford. they were all interviewed and released under investigation. the claims by seven women relate to alleged abuse against them as children. a man with a knife has been arrested
on suspicion of attempted murder by police who used a taser at a south london train station. officers from british transport police and the metropolitan police were called to tulse hill station just after 6:30pm after reports of a man with a machete. officers discharged a taser as they detained the man on the platform at the station. police said there were no reported injuries and the incident was not believed to be terror—related. the husband of nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe, the british—iranian woman jailed in tehran, says she‘s begun a hunger strike in protest at being denied specialist medical care. she was given a five year sentence in 2016 after being convicted of spying, a claim she denies. the foreign secretary, jeremy hunt, summoned the iranian ambassador in london, and said the situation was unacceptable. our diplomatic correspondent caroline hawley has more. this was nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe nearly three years ago
after taking her young daughter to tehran to visit family. she thought she was going home when she was approached by iran‘s revolutionary guards. since then she has been held for more than a thousand days and it has taken a huge toll on her physical and mental health. these pictures broadcast on iranian tv last week for the first time added to the pressure on her. but there was something else her husband richard said today that pushed her into going on hunger strike. they tried to pressure her to become a spy for iran against the uk, specifically to spy on dpit, the department for international trade and an organisation called small media which the revolutionary guard keep trying to link her to, like in the film of last week, but which she has no connection to. since she was briefly released last summer and reunited with her daughter, mr ratcliffe says she has not been allowed any specialist medical treatment for neurological problems and lumps
in her breasts. he told me the stakes for her were very high. she certainly felt it was her last resort and certainly before christmas she was pretty desperate to get home. now i hope it is not last, last resort and that she does it until she ends up in hospital. but, yes, she is not doing it lightly. this afternoon the iranian ambassador to the uk was summoned to the foreign office. the foreign secretary, jeremy hunt, has called nazanin zaghari—ratcliffe‘s hunger strike a truly terrible indictment of iran‘s approach and says he won‘t rest until she is home. caroline hawley, bbc news. now, do you want to look like a bollywood star on your big day? the demand for luxury indian bridal wear is in increasing in the uk, partly due to social media. photos of bollywood stars tying the knot have inspired brits to want the same. top indian fashion designers gathered in london this weekend for a wedding show. bbc asian network‘s haroon rashid was there. luxury indian bridal wear has never been more in demand. thousands of british asians filled
a swanky mayfair hotel to meet the men and women behind the designs and to discuss the possibility of wearing something similar to the stars. the last four months or five months has been chaotic, we have had several weddings. bollywood and fashion has worked together many times to create fashion awareness and many people benefit at the grassroots level. many people get jobs and that‘s exciting. some of these designer outfits are as expensive as western luxury labels and for many british asians they were unaffordable and exclusive to the elite. the bride is very clear on which design she wants for a specific function, does she want a designer,
three orfour designers, and i think that is a phenomenal change. they have taken this torch to get the originals from india. people have been talking about brexit but i have not seen any downturn in people spending on couture at all. people are able to get the replica because they have gone down on pricing. but it‘s notjust affordability that‘s changed, it‘s also an increase in access, whether that be in person or on the internet. the moment a celebrity wears you, within minutes everyone gets to know, and within minutes we have requests on our instagram and e—mail. i‘ve dressed the likes of beyonce. sophie turner, she‘s lovely. it‘s amazing that social media connects you to the consumer directly with no time lost. the brides—to—be spent a fortune at the show with designers tailoring hundreds of off the rack pieces
for british asians wanting that extra bit of glamour for their big day. the world‘s oldest desert is now home to one of the most listened—to songs, africa, by the band, toto. # rains down in africa... the artist, max siedentopf, has set up a sound installation in the namibian coastal desert to play on a loop, in tribute to the soft—rock classic. the 1982 track is a quadruple platinum seller, and was the most streamed song in 2017, with more than 440 million views on youtube. the installation is powered by solar batteries, "to keep toto going for all eternity," according to mr siedentopf. yeah, why? good question. now it‘s time for the weather with darren bett. hello. it is fair to say it has been a mild winter. not much frost or
snow. the weather is changing, it is turning colder. nothing unusual. we are due for cold air. it is winter. it could lingerfor some are due for cold air. it is winter. it could linger for some time. the cold air is some way to the north. before getting colder it will get mild as the air comes from the atlantic, south of those weather fronts, it is mild air on strengthening south—westerly winds, that means a lot of cloud as well. some rain on the weather front here eight in the north of scotland, otherwise generally dry. —— draped. little sunshine, the best of the four sheltered eastern areas of the uk. milder dave and monday with temperatures of nine to 11 degrees —— day. we keep the envelope of mild air overnight as well. it starts to get a bit colder to the northern ireland. we have this band of rain pushing further into scotland, into northern ireland, patchy rain into wales and the south—west. those temperatures still on the mild side. there is the cold air coming in behind the secondary weather front
to into northernmost parts of scotland. a verse weather front is bringing the band of rain here. that pushes into england and wales —— our first. they stay through most of the day for the midlands and east anglia. then we have wet weather into the next weather system in scotland, increasingly turning into sleet and snow, particularly over the hills, but maybe low levels in northern scotland at the end of the day as the air gets cold. colder behind the weather front. not a great deal on it overnight. the northerly winds come down and drag cold air down. for the northern half of the uk, we start with frost on thursday. there will be a strong wind for northern and eastern scotland, down the north sea coasts, where we are likely to find some wintry showers. away from here,